India’s science and technology policies
National Policies in S & T
There were 4 Important policies are there till 2021.
The fifth policy draft is now ready . The fifth policy, the National Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy, is in the draft and public consultation stage.
The Science Policy Resolution 1958 (SPR 1958)
- The Science Policy Resolution 1958 (SPR 1958) which aimed to “foster, promote and
sustain” the “cultivation of science and scientific research in all its aspects” first science policy – The policy also put emphasis on developing and making available the basic infrastructure for the development of scientific research.
The video class on National policies in Science and Technology can be watched HERE
The Technology Policy Statement of 1983
The policy of 1983 was the second policy that largely focused on the achievement of technological competence and self-reliance.The Technology Policy Statement 1983 (TPS 1983) which emphasized the need to attain technological competence and self-reliance, with the objective to “integrate programmes of socio-economic sectors with the national R&D system and the creation of a national innovation system”.
The Science and Technology Policy 2003
- The Science and Technology Policy 2003 (STP 2003) which brought the benefits of
Science and Technology to the forefront and focused on the investment required for
research and development along with the national innovation system. This policy brought the benefits of Science and Technology to the forefront and also focused on the investment required for research and development.
- The Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy 2013 (STIP 2013) which focused on the
large demographic dividend and set the paradigm “Science technology and innovation for
The fifth policy, the National Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy, is in the draft and public
STIP 2020 policy- National Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
STIP 2020 policy formulation framework involves 4 detailed tracks of activities and a
coordination mechanism through a centralized secretariat. The STIP 2020 secretariat is
coordinated, supported, and guided by Office of PSA, NITI Aayog and DST.
National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC)
National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) emphasizes on the following key points −
•Promote scientific thinking.
•Promote and spread the significance of Science and Technology to masses nationally through different medium such as TV, digital media, print media, and people to people.
•Emphasise on training in Science and Technology Communication.
•Development and dissemination of Science and Technology software.
•Focus on National Children’s Science Congress.
History of Science and Technology in India
After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru initiated reforms to promote higher education and science and technology in India.
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)—conceived by a 22-member committee of scholars and entrepreneurs in order to promote technical education was inaugurated on 18 August 1951 at Kharagpur in West Bengal by the minister of education Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
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