Direct and Indirect Speech English Grammar

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Direct and Indirect Speech bibimohanan.com
Direct and Indirect Speech

Direct and Indirect Speech English Grammar

Direct and Indirect Speech bibimohanan.com
Direct and Indirect Speech

 

You can watch the video HERE

Direct & Indirect Speech

•Direct:

Direct speech is-  directly saying what a person is telling  to another person.
–Ram said ,” I am very busy”

•Indirect:

In this, someone is reporting what a person said to another person

–Ram said that he was very busy

To change direct Speech to indirect

The following are the important things to be noted;

•If sentence is assertive/interrogative?
•Reporting verbs according to sentence
–Said/told/asked/ordered/requested
•Use connective word ‘that/ question word/whether/if/to’
•Avoid inverted commas
•Change in tense – the tense of the verb will be changed

Direct Speech                                     Indirect Speech

 

Simple Present                                                 Simple past
Present Continuous                                          Past Continuous
Present Perfect                                                 Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous                                PastPerfect Continuous

SimplePast                                                       Past Perfect
Past Continuous                                                Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect                                                      Past perfect
Past Perfect continous                                       Past Perfect continous

 

Direct Speech               Indirect Speech

V1form                                             V2 form
V2 form                                            Had + V3 form

 

Changes in Auxiliary Verb

Direct Speech                                    Indirect Speech

Is/am                                                            was
are                                                                Was/were
Has/have                                                       had
had                                                               had
did                                                                Had+V3
Was/were                                                      Had been
will                                                                would
shall                                                              Should/would
can                                                               could
may                                                              might
must                                                             must/Had to

Change in demonstratives

Direct Speech                            Indirect Speech

This                                                       That
These                                                    Those
Here                                                      There

Change in time expression

Direct Speech                 Indirect Speech

Now                                                   then
last                                                    previous
ago                                                    before
hereafter                                            thereafter
today                                                 That day
tonight                                               That night
yesterday                                           The previous day/the day before
Tomorrow                                           The following day/the next day
Next week/month/year                        The following week/month/year
Last week/month /year                        The previous week/month /year
Day after tomorrow                             Two days after/in two days
Day before yesterday                          Two days before
In one hour                                         One hour later

Subject pronouns

I                                  He /She
we                               They
You                              I/me/you/he/she/him/her/we/us/them/they

 

Object pronouns

Me                                Him/Her
Us                                Them

Possessive Adjectives

My                               His/Her
Our                              their
Your                             My/His/Her/Their

Possessive pronouns

Mine                           His/Hers
ours                            theirs
your                            My/His/Her/Their

Reflexive Pronouns

Myself                      Himself/herself
ourselves                  themselves
Yourself                     Himself/Herself/Themselves

Direct Speech             Indirect Speech

hence                                          thence
thus                                             so
come                                           go
Don’t                                           Not to
At once                                        Just then
Thank You…..

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Download PDF

Download part 1 

Watch Video Classes:

English Grammar Lessons

Direct & Indirect Speech Part 1

Direct & Indirect Speech part 2 

Direct & Indirect Speech part 3

 

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