LDC Main Exam Syllabus Kerala PSC|LDC Kerala PSC Syllabus for Main Exam

LDC MAIN EXAM MARK DISTRIBUTION


I. General Knowledge
i. History 5
ii. Geography 5
iii. Economics 5
iv. Indian Constitution 5
v. Kerala – Governance and System of Administration 5
vi. Life Science and Public Health 6
vii. Physics 3
viii. Chemistry 3
ix. Arts, Literature, Culture, Sports 5
x. Basics of Computer 3
xi. Important Acts 5
II. Current Affairs 20
III. Simple Arithmetic, Mental Ability and Reasoning 10
IV. General English 10
V. Regional Language (Malayalam, Kannada,Tamil)10

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SYLLABUS FOR LDC MAIN EXAM


I. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE


(i) HISTORY (5 Marks)


KERALA – Arrival of Europeans-Contributions of Europeans- History of
Travancore from Marthanda Varma to Sree Chithirathirunnal- Social and
Religious Reform movement- National movement in Kerala- Literary Sources
of Kerala History- United Kerala Movement- Political and Social History of
Kerala after 1956.


INDIA – Political History- Establishment of the British- First War of
Independence – Formation of INC- Swadeshi Movement- Social Reform
movement- Newspapers – Literature and Arts during the freedom struggle –
Independence Movement & Mahathma Gandhi – India’s independent –
Post independent period – State reorganization – Development in Science,
Education, and Technology – Foreign policy.


WORLD – Great Revolution in England- American War of Independence –
French Revolution- Russian Revolution – Chinese Revolution- Political
History after Second World War- UNO and other International Organizations


ii) GEOGRAPHY (5 Marks)


Basics of Geography – Earth Structure – Atmosphere, Rocks, Landforms,


Pressure Belt and Winds, Temperature and Seasons, Global IssuesGlobal Warming- Various forms of Pollution, Maps- Topographic Maps
and Signs, Remote Sensing – Geographic Information System, Oceans and
its various movements – Continents, – Nations and their specific features.
INDIA – Physiography- States and its features, Northern Mountain Region,
Rivers, Northern Great Plain, Peninsular Plateau, Coastal Plain, Climate –
Natural Vegetation – Agriculture – Minerals and Industries- Energy Sources,
Transport system – Road- Water- Railways- Air.
Kerala – Physiography- Districts and its features – Rivers- Climate – Natural
Vegetation – Wild life – Agriculture and research centers – Minerals and
Industries – Energy Sources – Transport system – Road – Water- Railway- Air


(iii) ECONOMICS (5 Marks)


India : Economy, Five Year Plans, New Economic Reforms, Planning
Commission, Niti Aayog, Financial Institutions, Agriculture – Major Crops,
Green Revolution, Minerals.


(iv) INDIAN CONSTITUTION (5 Marks)


Constituent Assembly – Preamble – Citizenship – Fundamental Rights –
Directive Principles – Fundamental Duties – Structure of Government –
Important Constitutional Amendments (42, 44, 52, 73, 74, 86, 91) –
Panchayathi Raj – Constitutional Authorities and their Functions – Union ListState List – Concurrent List.


(v) Kerala Governance and System of Administration

– Kerala -State Civil Service, Constitutional bodies, Various Commissions, Basic facts of Socio


Economic Commercial Planning and Policies, Disaster Management Authority –
Watershed Management – Employment and Labour – National Rural
Employment Programmes, Land Reforms, Social Welfare Security and
Protection of Women, Children and Senior Citizens.


(vi) Life Science and Public Health (5 Marks)

Basic facts of Human Body

Vitamins and Minerals and their Deficiency Diseases, Communicable Diseases and Causative Organisms

Kerala – Welfare activities in Health Sector ,Lifestyle Diseases. Basic Health Facts

Environment and Environmental Hazards


(vii) Physics (3 Marks)


1) Branches of Physics –Matter – Units, Measurements – Physical Quantities.
2) Motion – Newton’s Laws of Motion – Third law – Momentum – Projectile
Motion – Uses of Third Law – Achievements in space missions in IndiaISRO.
3) Light- Lens, Mirrors – Problems based on r = 2f – Different phenomena of
Light – Rainbow – Colours of different materials – Electromagnetic
Spectrum – IR rays- UV rays – X rays – Photoelectric Effect.
4) Sound – Different types of Waves – Velocity of Sound in different media –
Resonance – Reverberation.
5) Force – Different types of Forces – Friction – Advantages and
disadvantages of Friction – Liquid Pressure – Buoyant Force – Archimedes
Principle – Pascal’s law – Density – Relative density- Adhesive Cohesive
forces- Capillarity – Viscous force – Surface tension.
6) Gravitation – Centripetal Force – Centrifugal Force – Escape Velocity,
Satellites – Escape Velocity – Weight Mass – value of ‘g’- ‘g’ in different
places.
7) Heat – Temperature – Different types of thermometers – Humidity –
Relative Humidity.
8) Work – Energy – Power – Simple problems relating to Work, Energy,
Power, Levers – Different types of Levers.


(viii) Chemistry (3 Marks)

Atom – Molecule – States of Matter – Allotropy – Gas laws – Aqua regia.

Elements – Periodic Table-Metals &Non metals-Chemical Physical
changes- Chemical reactions-Solutions, Mixtures, Compounds.

Metals-Non metals – Alloys – Acids, Bases – pH value – Alkaloids.


(ix) Arts, Sports, Literature and Culture (5 Marks)


Arts :Important Audio Visual Art Forms of Kerala- Famous Places, Institutions,
Personalities, Artistes and Writers related to origin, development, extension,
and practice of these Art Forms.
Sports

Famous Sports personalities of Kerala, India and World – their Sports Events,
achievements and awards.

Important Awards – Corresponding Fields , Winners

Famous Trophies – Related Events and Sports Items.

Number of Players in Important Sports Items.

Important Terms associated with various Sports and Games.

Olympics – Basic Facts, Venues / Countries, Famous Performances and
Personalities- India in Olympics-Winter Olympics & Para Olympics.

Asian Games, Afro-Asian Games, CommonWealth Games, SAF Games –
Venues, Countries, Performance of India, other facts.

National Games.

Games – Events, Players, Achievements.

National Sports / Games , Events of various Countries
Literature

Malayalam – Important Literary Movements – Icons and their first works.

Main works of Literature related to each movement and their authors.

Writers – Pen name and Nick name.

Famous Works and Characters.

Famous Quotes – Books and Authors.

Beginning of Journalism in Kerala – Pioneers, Journals and Publications.

Famous Awards/ Honours – Writers and their works.

Malayalam Writers who won the Jnanpith Award and related facts.

Malayalam Cinema – Origin, Development, Milestones, Pioneers, National
Awards.
Culture

Kerala – Important Celebrations -Places associated with such Celebrations,
Important Festivals.

Kerala – Cultural Centres, Worship Places, Cultural Leaders and their
Contributions.


(x) Basics of Computer (3 Marks)

Hardware
• Input Devices (Names and uses)
• Output Devices (Names and uses/features)
• Memory devices – Primary and Secondary (Examples, Features)

Software
• Classification – System software and Application software
• Operating System – Functions and examples
• Popular Application software packages – Word processors, Spreadsheets,
Database packages, Presentation, Image editors (Uses, features and
fundamental concepts of each)
• Basics of programming – Types of instructions (Input, Output, Store,
Control, Transfer) (Languages need not be considered)

Computer Networks
• Types of networks – LAN, WAN, MAN (Features and application area)
• Network Devices – Media, Switch, Hub, Router, Bridge, Gateway (Uses
of each)

Internet
• Services – WWW, E-mail, Search engines (Examples and purposes)
• Social Media (Examples and features)
• Web Designing – Browser, HTML (Basics only)
• E-governance

Cyber Crimes and Cyber Laws
• Types of crimes (Awareness level)
• IT Act and Other laws (Awareness level)


(xi) Important Acts (5 Marks)

Right to Information Act – Information Exempted; Constitution of
Information Commissions- Powers and Functions.

Protection of Consumers – Rights of Consumers.

Law for the Protections of Vulnerable Sections – Protection of Civil
Rights – Atrocities against SC & ST – National Commission for SC / STKerala State SC/ST Commission – National and State Minority
Commission – National Human Rights Commission and State Human
Rights Commission – Protection of Senior Citizen.

Protection and Safeguarding of Women – Offences affecting Public
Decency and Morals. National and State Commission for Women – The
Protection of Women (from Domestic Violence) Act, 2005.

Protection and Safeguards of Children – Protection of Children from
Sexual Offence (POCSO) Act, 2012.


II. Current Affairs (20 Marks)


III. Simple Arithmetic, Mental Ability and Reasoning


(i). Simple Arithmetic (5 Marks)

Numbers and Basic Operations

Fraction and Decimal Numbers

Percentage

Profit and Loss

Simple and Compound Interest

Ratio and Proportion

Time and Distance

Time and Work

Average

Laws of Exponents

Mensuration

Progressions


(ii). Mental Ability & Reasoning (5 Marks)

Series

Problems on Mathematical Signs

Verifying Positions.

Analogy- Word Analogy, Alphabet Analogy, Number Analogy

Odd man out

Numerical Ability

Coding and Decoding

Family Relations

Sense of Direction

Time and Angles

Time in a clock and its reflection

Date and Calendar

Clerical Ability


IV. GENERAL ENGLISH


(i). English Grammar (5 Marks)

Types of Sentences and Interchange of Sentences.

Different Parts of Speech.

Agreement of Subject and Verb.

Articles – The Definite and the Indefinite Articles.

Uses of Primary and Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Tag Questions

Infinitive and Gerunds

Tenses

Tenses in Conditional Sentences

Prepositions

The Use of Correlatives

Direct and Indirect Speech

Active and Passive voice

Correction of Sentences


(ii) Vocabulary (5 Marks)

Singular & Plural, Change of Gender, Collective Nouns

Word formation from other words and use of prefix or suffix

Compound words

Synonyms

Antonyms

Phrasal Verbs

Foreign Words and Phrases

One Word Substitutes

Words often confused

Spelling Test

Idioms and their Meanings


V. REGIONAL LANGUAGE (10 Marks)


Malayalam

പദശുദി

വാകയശുദി

പരിഭാഷ

ഒറപദം

പരയായം

വിപരീത പദം

ൈശലികൾ പഴെഞാല്ലുകൾ

സമാനപദം

േചർെതഴുതക

വചനം

പിരിെച്ചഴുതൽ

ഘടക പദം (വാകയം േചർെതഴുതക)
Kannada

Word Purity / Correct Word

Correct Sentence

Translation

One Word / Single Word / One Word Substitution

Synonyms

Antonyms

Idioms and Proverbs

Equivalent Word

Join the Word

Feminine Gender, Masculine Gender

Number

Sort and Write
Tamil
1)Correct Word
2)Correct Structure of Sentence
3)Translation
4)Single Word
5)Synonyms
6)Antonyms / Opposite
7)Phrases and Proverbs
8)Equal Word
9)Join the Word
10) Gender Classification – Feminine, Masculine
11) Singular, Plural
12) Separate
13) Adding Phrases

Results

Know the Result

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