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Indus Valley Civilization part 1

Contents:

  1. Which of the following Harappan city sites had bipartite division-high citadel and lower town?
    (i) Harappa
    (ii) Mohenjodaro
    (iii) Kalibangan
    (iv) Surkotada
    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
    Codes:
    (a) (i) only (b) (i) and (ii)
    (c) (i), (ii) and (iii) (d) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

Indus Valley Civilization Basic Facts

  1. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
    Assertion (A): The worship of Mother Goddess
    as a feature of Harappan religion was prevalent in all the main Harappan cities.
    Reason (R): The female terracotta figurines
    have been discovered in large numbers from Harappa and Mohenjodaro.

Codes:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true

  1. Consider the following statements and mark the option which is correct:
    1. The first man-made port was found in Harappa.
    2. The main crops of Indus Valley Civilization were wheat and barley.
    3. The largest Harappan settlement in India is
  1. The largest number of settlements are in Ghaggar-Haka village.
    Which of the above statements are correct?

    (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
    (c) all of these (d) none of these
  2. Consider the following statements:
    1. The Harappan economy was based on agriculture.
    2. In Indus Valley Civilization, an elaborate drainage systems are found.
    3. In Indus Valley Civilization, sugarcane was unknown.
    4. In Kotdiji, pre-Harappan settlement has not been found.
      Which of the above statements is/are correct?
      (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
      (c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4 only
  1. Which of the following Harappan sites are located in Haryana?

1. Banavali
2. Kalibangan
3. Rakhigarhi
4. Ropar
Indicate your answer from the codes below:
Codes:
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 3 and 4

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6. Which of the following statements about Harappan civilization is true?

  1. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning.
  2. The most important public place for Mohenjodaro seems to be great bath.
  3. Granary was the largest building of Mohenjodaro.
  4. The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Codes:
(a) 1 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2 and 3 (d) all of these

Indus Valley Civilization Basic Facts

  1. Which of the following animals as figures surround the male deity in the Indus Valley Civilization?
    1. Elephant
    2. Tiger
    3. Rhinoceros
    4. Buffalo
    5. Deer

Select the correct answer from the codes

a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

(c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 3 and 5

Answers:

1. (c) 2.(c) 3.(b) 4(b) 5. (c) 6. (d) 7.(c)

Answers Explanation

  1. (c) Mohenjodaro, Harappa and Kalibangan show an identical town lay-out plan of the metropolis – the citadel and the lower city. At Kalibangan, the citadel shows a bipartite plan with no less than six mud-brick platforms.
  2. (c) The statement regarding the worship of Mother Goddess is true but about the female terracotta figurines is false. The Harappan people produced a large number of terracotta figurines which were handmade. The figurines include humans, animals, birds, monkeys, dogs, sheep and cattle. Figurines of both humped and humpless bulls have been found.
  3. (b) The statements 2 and 3 are correct. The Harappans cultivated wheat and barley, peas and dates and also sesame and mustard which were used for oil. However, the people cultivated rice as early as 1,800 BC in Lothal. The Harappans were the earliest people to grow cotton. Rakhigarhi, estimated to be the largest Harappan civilization site located in Hisar district of Haryana. This early Harappan settlement, considered bigger than Mohenjodaro, was listed among the 10 most endangered heritage sites in Asia.
  4. (b) The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. It flourished in the basins of the Indus river, one of the major rivers of Asia, and the Ghaggar-Hakra river.
    At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large

Sugarcane was not cultivated. Horse and iron were not used.

  1. (c) Haryana was the outermost location of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization with centres such as Banawali and Rakhigarhi. The most extensive centre, Rakhigarhi, is now a village in Hisar district. The site is dated to be over 5,000 years old. Evidence of paved roads, drainage system, large rainwater collection, storage system, terracotta brick, statue production, and skilled metal working (in both bronze and precious metals) has been uncovered.
  2. (d) All the statements are true. The people of the Indus Valley Civilization had achieved some spectacular standards when it came to town planning. Each city was carefully planned and at the peak of the civilization housed almost 40,000 people. Great Bath is also the most important public place in Mohenjodaro and the Granary was the largest building. The use of baked bricks was also found in building houses.
  3. (b) The Pashupati is the only possibly male deity of Indus Valley Civilization, as depicted on various seals. This deity is surrounded by 4 wild animals and this gives an indication that it is Pashupatinath or a prototype of Lord Shiva. The deity is surrounded by 4 animals viz. an elephant, a tiger, a buffalo and a rhinoceros. Apart from this, there are 2 deers beneath the seat of the deity. The headdress of the deity has two horns. It wears as number of bangles and has a pectoral round the neck, and an inscription of seven letters appears at the top.

Indus Valley Civilization Basic Facts

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